Alabaster Corp. Product Applications and Ratios Work In Progress!
FOR GENERAL FLOOR AND SHOP SPILL CLEANUP DEGREASING:
Products To Use:
CS2, BCC#1, or Petro-Clean Emergency Response Solution.
That application is simple. The customer must determine how much Alabaster Corp. product they want to stock and use according to their needs. Only the customer can determine how often or in what volume they have spills and need mop clean their shop floors. The customer must best determine the concentration of product to use according to how heavy their surface cleaning is. The customer may only need to use a few gallons for cleaning over the weekend or they may need to mop the entire shop down with 100 gallons per week, etc.
For floor cleaning and degreasing a very large factory or shop, The customer should use CS2 which is concentrated BCC#1. Petro Clean is also a good alternative. 1 gallon of CS2 will dilute into 30 gallons of ready to use product. 1 (55) gallon drum of CS2 diluted with water and make between up to and over 1,650 gallons of ready to use cleaner. CS2 Super Concentrate can be diluted at a ratio of between 30 to 60 part water depending upon the bioremediating and cleaning strength desired.
This can be set up for convenient usage. The customer can store this in an area for cleaning supplies. Then when they need to use some cleaning product the employees can pump out as much as they need like any other floor cleaner. They do not need to worry about adding microbes on a day to day basis for little and regular spills and floor degreasing.
Then from time to time as needed, the customer can do an entire floor cleaning. Say for example once a week, once a month or even quarterly… depending upon their need they would take maybe 100 gallons of pre-diluted cleaner and add a small amount of microbes to it. Say about 1 to 2 lbs. of blend A+B. Then mop the floors with the microbe version and rinse with water, etc.
This process would dramatically help the overall environmental conditions. The customer is already having hydrocarbon spills. They are already using a floor cleaner which does not help the environment. So we are only helping the situation by replacing the existing products with our Alabaster Corp. products. They will be able to clean as usual and have some environmental microbial advantages to assist in the run off.
The basic or general application ratios remain the same. The customer can dilute the product to the amount they need for this usage. If they need to scrub out a really dirty area they may use it a bit stronger, etc. In general, 1 gallon of CS2 Super Concentrate will make 3 gallons of BCC#1 Concentrate. BCC#1 will dilute into 10 gallons with 10% BCC#1 and 90% water. This should be all you need for shop floor cleaning. Remember, if this is sold as CS2 then just dilute it. 1 (55) gallon drum of CS2 will make 3 (55) gallon drums of BCC#1 Concentrate. So the shop manager and employees will experiment a little at first determining how much and at what ratio they want for shop degreasing. If you want this to bioremediate contaminated soil from previous shop run off just make sure to add plenty of microbes.
FOR TANK DEGASSING:
Products To Use:
CS1 Super Concentrate (BGP#1), CS2 Super Concentrate (BCC#1), Petro-Clean Emergency Response Solution:
For tank degassing and degreasing there are some factors to consider. The amount and type of product to use depends upon the type of residual within the tanks.
In general, for lighter fuels such as gasoline, diesel, etc. these are typically more volatile and require less cleaning ability so you would use our product CS1 Super Concentrate which is the best degassing agent. It cleans and degreases well also. However, it’s degassing and emulsification ability stand out. In general, for heavier fuels such as #6 oil or other oils, etc. these are typically less volatile and require more degreasing and cleaning so you would use our product CS2 Super Concentrate which is the best cleaner and degreaser. It also degasses very well. However, it’s cleaning ability stands out. Petro Clean is multipurpose in this application and is also very effective for degassing and degreasing.
Ratios For Degassing Various Tanks and Vessels:
For CS1and CS2 Super Concentrates, you can dilute these with water at a ratio of up to 60 to 1. That’s 1 gallon of CS1 or CS2 and approximately 59 gallons of water. For Petro-Clean, BGP#1, BCC#1, you can dilute these with water at a ratio of up to 20 to 1. That’s 1 gallon of either Petro-Clean, BGP#1, BCC#1 and approximately 19 gallons of water. Or as little as 2% product to 98% water for degassing tanks. Use about 10% of the diluted product per volume of the tank. So for a 400 to 500 gallon tank use about 50 gallons of diluted product. For a 1000 gallon tank use about 100 gallons of diluted products. If microbes are required use blend A and or B. Add ¼ to ½ lbs. per 10 gallon of concentrate before dilution. This is usually more than enough bugs.
Tank Cleaning Process Slide Presentation
It is best to remove or pump out all or the majority of the waste product or residual liquid fuel from the tank first. Add the diluted degassing product to the tank. You want to use a mechanical pressure sprayer that “washes the air” and the insides of the tank well. This should have a suction pump which will suck the materials through the pipe drain on the tank so it will suck it from the bottom and back up to the top in a circular motion making the whole tank like a large “washing machine.” The idea is to really wash the inside of the tank including the inside top! Circulate this within the tank for at least 12 to 24 hours. If the waste residuals are heavier you may need to re-rinse with about half the original amount of product. To finish, drain the tanks and re-rinse the tank insides well with plain water depending upon how clean you need it to complete.
We often recommend an airless pump for these applications. The same type you would use in painting, only you are “painting” with a cleaning chemical. Sherwin Williams, Home Depot, Loews and Sears are good places for these. For larger, heavy duty tank cleaning jobs we often recommend products made by Gamajet® Cleaning Systems or Cloud Company.
Example 1 Tank Degassing:
Degassing and light degreasing of twelve generator tanks. Each tank is about 1,555 liters in volume or about 410 gallons. Total of between 4,932 to 5,000 gallons of tank space to degas and degrease. Estimate about 10 gallons of CS1 Super Concentrate. Dilute the CS1 at a ratio of up to 60 to 1 for this use. That’s 1 gallon of CS1 and approximately 59 gallons of water. This will total about 600 gallons of diluted product. Divide this between each tank and use about 50 gallons of diluted product per tank. Follow application directions. We are using CS1 because of it’s degassing ability. Microbes are optional. If using microbes no more than ½ lbs. per 10 gallons total of Super Concentrate should be required.
Example 2 Tank Degassing:
Degassing and cleaning a 1000 gallon diesel tank. The diesel product has been pumped out. Estimate 10% of the tank volume. This is 100 gallons of product. Take 2 gallons of CS1 Super Concentrate and add between ¼ to ½ lbs of blend AB microbes total to this. Dilute up 50 to 60 parts with water yielding between 100 to 120 gallons of diluted ready to use product. Follow application directions.
FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE SPILL CLEANUP:
Products To Use:
Petro-Clean Emergency Response Solution.
Petro Clean Emergency Response Solution is applied to any hydrocarbon or fuel spill. It is designed to immediately break up the spill on contact and render the spill non-flammable, leaving no slippery residue when washed down. It’s that simple! Petro Clean is designed to encapsulate and hold the volatiles within fuel hydrocarbons in a very tight emulsion or oil water mixture. Once Petro Clean is mixed with the water and fuel it traps the volatiles. Petro-Clean is for Emergency Response. Designed as a First Response detergent. But excellent for remediation also. Fire departments typically use and dilute this up to between 10 and 20 parts water for a surface washing agent for light fuel such as gasoline and diesel. For heavier oils dilute it with only about 5 parts water. You spray this product over a gasoline spill and the gas will not ignite! Amazing!
Ratios and Application For Emergency Response and General Surface Washing:
Typically, for emergency response or fuel spill applications we recommend the following for safety. Estimate the amount of fuel spilled in gallons. Use 10% of this fuel spill amount in Petro Clean. Add an amount of water equal to the spill. Therefore for a 1000 gallon gasoline fuel spill, use 100 gallons of Petro Clean Concentrate applied and broadcast or spread over the entire surface area of the fuel spill. Add approximately 1000 gallons of water to surface wash and mix the Petro Clean, water, and fuel very well. Please contact Alabaster Corp. for specific recommendations if needed. We care very much for our customers and want to assist in everyway possible!
For general surface washing, concentrated Petro Clean can be diluted with water to as little as between 5% and 10% product before application depending upon usage. Heavier or severe surface cleaning of contamination typically requires a ratio of approximately 25% product. Typical guidelines for dilution rations are 5% minimum product to 95% water for hard surface spill response and 10% product for more permeable surfaces. Heavier contamination, tank cleaning, or other remediation typically requires a minimum of approximately 25% product to 75% water depending upon usage.
FOR GASOLINE SPILL INSIDE VEHICLE TRUNK:
Various customers have had accidental gasoline spills inside their vehicles. A typical scenario would be a spill in my minivan or the trunk of a car. About 1/2 gallon of gasoline. The gas has soaked into the carpet and the materials underneath. The fumes are strong and the customer wants to neutralize the residual gas and odor problem, etc.
Products To Use:
Petro-Clean Emergency Response Solution:
Here is the main issue… It could be dangerous!!! Gasoline in a vehicle is dangerous. Any vehicle including a mini van, car trunk etc. is an enclosed area. The gasoline fumes could explode. Windows and doors should be kept open for ventilation during the process. The carpet and materials in the vehicle have soaked up gasoline. This is very different from a spill on cement.
YOU SHOULD NOT USE A VACUUM OR SHOP VAC! Because it could explode. Although there are vacuums made for volatiles they are expensive. Typical vacuums have electrical components which could easily ignite and blow up!
First you need to remove any carpet you can. You should use PC ready to use. That’s the concentrate at 10 parts water to 1 part PC Concentrate. Don’t buy ready to use then over dilute it. You should wash the area thoroughly with the PC and let it soak for at least a half hour. Blot it all up with paper or other towels. Rinse again. Then he should repeat the process until the smell is gone.
This is a big mess with all the towels and gas, time, etc. and you are just going to have to roll up your sleeves and get it done safe. Sorry. Most people would probably go to a car wash vacuum which could be a big mistake. You should always call your local fireman if you get too worried about it! They know how to handle the flammable part. In the event that you accidentally cause a fire, don’t risk your life trying to put out the fire. Run away from the flames and let the fireman handle this! Your car is not worth your safety!
FOR SOIL AND SLUDGE BIOREMEDIATION:
Products To Use:
CS1 Super Concentrate (BGP#1), CS2 Super Concentrate (BCC#1), Petro-Clean Emergency Response Solution:
In bioremediation there can be several factors to consider. Porosity, depth of contamination, moisture, oxygen, surface compaction, temperature and the type of soil contaminants and the type of soil. These determine the product to use and the time frame of treatment. First determine the amount and type of soil contamination with TPH (Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon) testing. This should be reflected in PPM (parts per million) or mg/kg. This will also tell you the type of hydrocarbons. Then determine the size of the area to be treated. Preferably in cubic yards or cubic meters.
The time frame and project budget are also considerations. Fortunately bioremediation can be a very flexible process. The amount of product required to achieve your goals will depend upon the concentration of contamination and the time frame available for the project. If you require a rapid cleanup more product will be used within a shorter amount of time. If time is not a major issue then the process can be drawn out for a period so long as the microbes are replenished and kept active. Cost will vary according to the volume of product required. A small job may only require a few gallons of product and a few lbs. of microbes. A large job may merit using a large volume of several thousand gallons of product. Alabaster Corp. Chemicals can range between $10. per gallon to $40. per gallon before dilution depending upon the situation. Cost for products per cubic yard can range from between around $7. to around $40. The treatment can be tailored to fit almost any budget. With these factors considered do the following.
1. Target the area of soil or water contamination. Estimate square or cubic feet, yards, meters, acres, gallons, etc. Make appropriate preparations such as acquiring equipment for tilling the soil, providing for water and removing any debris before treatment. Take initial TPH (Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons) soil tests. Results may be expressed in mg/kg, PPM or parts per million. These test should also tell us what type of pollution the hydrocarbons are. It also provides you with a starting point to monitor your progress. Alabaster Corp. will then prescribe an amount and blend of microbes and chemical products to add to the contaminated soil or water based upon the extent of contamination.
2. Activate the Alabaster Corp. bioremediation products. Dilute the concentrated products and add the microbial blends as prescribed.
3. Apply the bioremediation products by saturating the contaminated soil so the bioremediation products penetrate deep into and mix into the soil pollution. The bioremediation products should be tilled and heavily mixed into the soil as good as possible. Allow it to work! Keep the ground moist but do not wash it away. We like to maintain above 30% to 35% moisture if possible.
After a couple of weeks to a month take more TPH tests to monitor progress. Tilling the soil again only helps. The microbes reach optimum digestion efficiency within about 15 days and remain at these levels for about 35 days. Then they need a boost! Based upon these results you may retreat the area again until the desired drop in TPH levels is achieved. Often, a second treatment is as little as ¼ of the amount of products used as the first treatment. This again depends upon your project time frame and budget. We've dropped soil contamination TPH from about 80,000 mg/kg down to below 500 mg/kg within about a month with our products this way!
Again, mix the microbial products into the contaminated soil heavily. The more you mix the contaminated soil the better. So mix it heavily. Practically, you can’t mix it too much. This mixing makes it easier for you to maintain aeration. It also helps ensure an equal distribution of the microbial products through the soil. There will be hot spots where the contamination is at higher levels and mixing will blend these out. After your first application, you can re-mix the soil once per day or once per week. Maybe once every two weeks. You get the idea. It’s up to you. The microbial products will do their job! Moisture and tilling or mixing should be maintained from the start to the finish of the project to get the highest results.
A combination of the following application techniques is often creatively implemented.
For surface contamination, apply the microbial products and till into the soil deep enough and regularly. Maintain microbial activity, continue to break down hydrocarbons, maintain moisture and aeration. Continue until the results are achieved.
For deeper surface contamination, apply the microbial products and use a backhoe to scoop up the soil in large clumps and drop it repetitively in addition to tilling the surface. Maintain microbial activity, continue to break down hydrocarbons, maintain moisture and aeration. Continue until the results are achieved.
For liquid sludge, apply the microbial products. If the sludge is pumpable, you could use a pump to keep the water circulating and blasting like a fountain. Make the waste water circulate, etc. in addition to using a backhoe. Maintain microbial activity, continue to chemically break down hydrocarbons, maintain moisture and aeration. Continue until the results are achieved.
For thick and heavy sludge, the application is the same as with soil. Apply the microbial products. Use a backhoe to keep mixing it. You can use a backhoe to scoop up the waste and drop it repetitively, etc. Maintain microbial activity, continue to chemically break down hydrocarbons, maintain moisture and aeration. Continue until the results are achieved.
For deeper subsurface contamination, we recommend injecting and pumping microbial products down into the ground at various depths. In some projects, the surface contamination is treated by tilling in the microbial products and using a backhoe. The subsurface contamination is treated with injection of microbial products. Often, depending upon the type of hydrocarbons we will apply different chemical products. For instance we may use CS2 at the surface and for injection to various depths to break down the hydrocarbons. Then we may use CS1 at the deeper subsurface levels to help encapsulate the hydrocarbons and bind them for microbial digestion. Again, we must maintain microbial activity, continue to chemically break down hydrocarbons, maintain moisture and aeration. Continue until the results are achieved.
If applied correctly, after about two weeks from the start there will be a significant drop in TPH. The microbes will keep working from this point and continue to digest for about another 35 days. So if your desired results are not achieved within the first two weeks, you still have a few more weeks of strong microbial bioremediation activity to go. The end results have a lot to do with moisture levels and the aeration. If you execute this correctly and use a reasonable amount of microbial products you should be within range of your goal or very close to it depending upon your initial levels of contamination and the tests. Typically, there are “hot spots” within that didn’t get treated correctly due to poor mixing and aeration or a lack of microbes, etc. These can be eliminated with a smaller secondary treatment or by targeting your hot spots. This can consist of only water and microbes or perhaps a little more CS2, etc.
Typically after the first treatment or application of products. Our chemical cleaners will continue to work. It’s the microbes which must be replenished. In other words, during at least the first treatment you apply the chemical cleaners along with the microbes. These chemical cleaners break down the contamination so the microbes will work. However, the various surfactants and emulsifiers, etc. within the cleaners usually will continue to work in the soil to some extent for a time before these chemicals are exhausted. It’s the microbes which need to be boosted or added to every month or so. So after the first treatment you often do not have to add more chemicals but only more bugs and water. The microbes always work better with a little of the chemicals but it’s not always necessary. The always depends upon the type and concentration of your hydrocarbon waste. Heavy sludges with high ammonia concentrations or chlorinated hydrocarbons will take longer to bioremediate than lighter surface saturation with diesels and so forth. Secondary treatment with only bugs and water will usually keep the chemical cleaners working. The bugs alone are actually quite inexpensive and far less will be used upon secondary treatments. Again, depending upon how fast you want to remediate and how much contamination is present.
Typical Product Ratios For Effective Bioremediation:
The amount of Alabaster Corp. products to use depends upon the level of contamination, type of contamination, time frame and budget. It’s not an exact science or formula. Too many different factors effect bioremediation processes. Fortunately bioremediation is very flexible.
The question is not “will bioremediation work?” or “will Alabaster Corp. products work?” It absolutely will work if applied properly. Alabaster Corp. products can bioremediate the hydrocarbon waste. You can reduce the TPH down to 100 p.p.m or below. The factors are your time, budget and the application.
Commonly, Alabaster Corp. Super Concentrates can be diluted with between 30 to 60 parts water. Typically, we use between 5 to 15 to 30 gallons of this diluted product per cubic yard. To this we add between ?, ¼, ½, to 1 lbs. of the microbes per cubic yard. This typically ends up being between ?, ¼, ½ gallon of chemical product with microbes per cubic yard.
For common levels of contamination 1 gallon of CS2 and ½ lbs of microbes applied to one cubic yard can be a good, strong treatment. You would pour the microbes into the CS2, add 30 to 60 gallons of clean water and apply this to the subject soil. You want to maintain over 35% moisture in general. However, this usually not an issue with the additional 30 to 60 gallons of water you added to the concentrate.
In most projects the process is not much different than what we have described. If you have the time and your budget is more limited we can use less product during the treatment. Perhaps ? to ¼ gallon of CS1 or CS2 with less than ¼ lbs. of bugs per cubic meter and about 30 gallons of water, etc. If needed a second smaller treatment can be utilized according to your need. The bioremediation prescription including the amount of products, ratios, and pricing can typically be tailored to the project requirements.
Example 1 Bioremediation of Soil:
For a strong and rapid treatment using CS2 Super Concentrate and Blend ABB (A+B Microbes+ Booster).The CS2 Super Concentrate would be diluted with up to 30 parts water.
Calculate the amount of CS2 you will need, divide the area to be treated in cubic yards by two. That’s how many gallons of CS2 you will need. For 110 cubic yards you will need 55 gallons of CS2.
Typically, the microbes are added approximately 1 to 2 lbs. per 55 gallons of concentrate before dilution. Therefore, a common scenario would be a 55 gallon drum of CS2 diluted into as much as 1,650 gallons of ready to use product. Once the CS2 is diluted, you may apply approximately 15 gallons of this ready to use and diluted product per cubic yard or meter. This treatment could treat up to 110 cubic yards. If the first treatment is applied properly this will reduce the hydrocarbons very effectively and in unbelievable time. Within the first month you will see major results.
Depending upon your time and budget, a secondary treatment may utilize another, smaller treatment with CS2 and bugs. Typically, we prescribe a second treatment with about half the amount of CS2 used during the first treatment. This method can eliminate virtually any hydrocarbon contamination within a couple of months.
IF YOU HAVE THE TIME AND WISH TO CONTROL COSTS, you can likely mix 1 to 2 lbs. of bugs per 55 gallons of water and re-apply this as before WITHOUT THE CS2.
This method of using bugs and water alone will be continued until the desired drop in TPH is achieved. This treatment method may take a few months longer however, the results can be achieved as effectively. The chemical cleaners utilized within the first treatment will still contribute. These methods will work for contamination ranging from light to heavy and even with most heavy sludges regardless. The CS2 from the initial treatment should still be active during secondary treatments but the microbes always work better if you use some more CS2 during each application. Even if it is a very diluted amount.
Example 2 Bioremediation of Soil:
For a longer but less expensive treatment using CS2 Super Concentrate and Blend ABB (A+B Microbes+ Booster). The CS2 Super Concentrate would be diluted with up to 45 parts water. (about 34% cost reduction)
So to calculate the amount of CS2 you will need, divide the area to be treated in cubic yards by three. That’s how many gallons of CS2 you will need. For 110 cubic yards you will need 36.6 gallons of CS2. This amount will be round up or down depending upon packaging.
Typically, the microbes are added approximately 1 to 2 lbs. per 55 gallons of concentrate before dilution. Therefore, a common scenario would be a 55 gallon drum of CS2 diluted into as much as 2,475 gallons of ready to use product with between 1 to 2 lbs. of Blend ABB (A+B Microbes+ Booster). Once the CS2 is diluted, you may apply approximately 15 gallons of this ready to use and diluted product per cubic yard or meter. This treatment could treat up to 165 cubic yards.
If the first treatment is applied properly this will reduce the hydrocarbons effectively. Secondary treatments using bugs and water alone will be continued until the desired drop in TPH is achieved. This treatment method will take a few months longer however, the results can be achieved. The CS2 from the initial treatment should still be active during secondary treatments but the microbes always work better if you use some more CS2 during each application. Even if it is a very diluted amount.
Example 3 Bioremediation of Soil:
For a longer but less expensive treatment using CS2 Super Concentrate and Blend ABB (A+B Microbes+ Booster). The CS2 Super Concentrate would be diluted with up to 50 to 60 parts water. (about 50% cost reduction)
To calculate the amount of CS2 you will need, estimate the area to be treated in cubic yards. Estimate diluting CS2 at a 50 or 60 to 1 ratio with water. That’s 59 gallons of water to 1 gallon of CS2. Therefore, a 55 gallon drum of CS2 is diluted into as much as 3,300 gallons of ready to use product. Once the CS2 is diluted, you may apply approximately 15 gallons of this ready to use and diluted product per cubic yard or meter. Add a minimum of ¼ lbs. of microbes per cubic yard of contaminated soil. This treatment could treat up to 220 cubic yards.
Example 4 Bioremediation of Sludge and Soil:
Treatment using CS1 and CS2 Super Concentrate and Blend ABB (A+B Microbes+ Booster). The CS1 and CS2 Super Concentrate would be diluted with between 30 to 50 parts water and injected at various depths.
The subject area is saturate with BTEX (Benzene, Toluene, Ethel benzene, Xylenes). There are some chlorinated hydrocarbons also. The amounts are varied depending upon the depth. The surface contamination is light to moderate, the subsurface contamination increases from the surface unto the water table which is a clay subsurface bed at about 12’ to 15’. The contamination levels here are quite high.
The goal is to make sure the microbial products get down to the water level, etc. We want to apply the products by injection at several levels and really concentrate some of the microbes and chemicals at the water level and a little below. Once we have injected and saturated the subsurface the products are heavily tilled into the surface. These will be soaked down repetitively to keep aerating and washing the treatment down. This way the bioactivity will be taking place a various levels simultaneously.
The reason is because the waste contamination has migrated along this pathway. What happens with some of these hydrocarbons is that (due to the soil at the subject site) these have migrated or sunk down to the water level. The clays or soils at the water level are less permeable for various reasons and the waste predominantly stays there. Stopping it’s vertical descent and perhaps slowly beginning a more or less horizontal spread. The chemicals will to an extent be washing the contamination in a vertical path downward after application, provided enough water is used. This is fine but we want to make sure that plenty of microbial solution and microbes get down to the bottom water table depth also. This is a level which we do not want to underestimate. We really want to emphasize getting microbial bioremediation active at this level. We do not want it to appear that the products have simply washed the waste down and spread it out.
We want to use an amount of maybe CS2 per cubic meter with bugs applied to the surface and to depths of up to 6’ to 10’ feet. This will be applied by spraying and injection with tilling and backhoe work as may be required. The reason for choosing CS2 is because of it’s stronger penetrating, surfactant and solvent abilities. The CS2 will break down the hydrocarbons for digestion and make these more soluble. Then we also inject a ration of CS1 with bugs into the deepest area being about 10’ to 12’ feet. The reasoning for this is because the CS1 is the stronger emulsifier and it will be more effective for bio activity at the different depths, etc. The CS1 also helps trap and encapsulate the VOCs by emulsification at this level during the microbial digestion process. Effectively holding the hydrocarbons in place for microbial digestion. A combination of these two products mixed or blended, etc. and applied at any depth is adequate however this is the basic idea.
If the first treatment is applied properly this will reduce the hydrocarbons effectively. There will be a noticeable drop in TPH within a very short time frame within the first several feet of soil depth. This is in part due to the addition of water and cleaning chemicals. It’s easy to forget that water alone is nature’s first solvent. Although the microbes will begin working immediately upon their attachment to the hydrocarbon molecule, actual microbial effectiveness will begin to show with about 15 to 20 days. The microbes at all level will reach their maximum digestion capacity by the end of about 30 to 35 days. This is a biological fact and has nothing to do with the brand of microbes. Provided they are not genetically engineered. The majority of the microbes used effectively in bioremediation are pseudomonas. These are adaptable. That’s why these are chosen for biodegradation.
Microbial activity at the lower subsurface depth will be strong and continuous. Any water naturally within the soil will help the process regardless of the natural water re-charge rate. However, the additional clean water applied during the product dilution is very important. Additional water applied during the application is just as important. The injection process will add extra amounts of oxygenated water to the soil to assist in biodegradation as well as insure the microbes and chemical cleaners are targeted towards the hydrocarbons.
The details of bioremediating chlorinated hydrocarbons become technical. It’s best to say that more microbes are required to remediate these than normal and that the emulsification effect of Alabaster Corp.’s CS1 will benefit this process. The addition of an adequate “booster” such as Alabaster Corp.’s B.R.A.T. Booster will also greatly assist the process. Simply because the booster products contain fertilizers, nutrients, and food to assist in the adaptability of the pseudomonas. Alabaster Corp.’s B.R.A.T. Booster contains just the correct amounts of nitrogen, potassium, phosphorous, minerals and sugars to promote an accelerated microbial evolution process.
Secondary treatments using bugs and water alone can be continued until the desired drop in TPH is achieved. This treatment method will take longer than utilizing the combination of microbes along with chemicals and booster however, the results can be achieved. The CS2 and CS1 from the initial treatment should still be active to a point during secondary treatments but the microbes always work better if you use some more CS1, CS2 and booster is added during each application. Even if it is a very diluted amount.
Again, the success of bioremediation regarding the application of products and ratios depends upon all of these factors. It doesn’t matter if we are talking about a small, lightly contaminated area of soil with a small amount of diesel or shop run off contamination in the Houston, Texas area or a massive area consisting of several hundred acres of waste sludge slurry contaminated soil within Middle Eastern oil fields. The basic process is the same. Underestimating the process and assuming you can achieve successful results by applying cheaper surfactants, emulsifiers, microbes, etc. could be an error.
As a side note… microbe manufactures commonly claim that their product has a certain spore count or an amount of microbes per gram, gallon, etc. You can take a sample of manure from any horse stable around and get a very high spore count! This means nothing within the context of hydrocarbon digestion and successful bioremediation! If you want to get your project done and actually bioremediate complex hydrocarbon contamination, you need the right quality of products and the experience behind them.
FOR TYPICAL CONCRETE CLEANING:
For typical and common concrete cleaning of surface staining. Parking lots, drive thru, service stations, etc. always have a problem with concrete staining from vehicles more than anything. There are two problems with this. The first problem is that the stain is visibly unattractive. After a time any business will have an accumulation of staining on their concrete. The second problem is that these small but numerous surface spills contribute to a collective mass which does significantly contribute to pollution. The combined effects of every vehicle on the road, spilling small amounts of fuel and oil add up. These spills stain the concrete however, they also soak through the concrete and wash across the surface and into the storm drains and soil. This adds up when you consider how many vehicles nation wide are spilling very small amounts of hydrocarbons daily. At first this sounds like a radical exaggeration. However, in reality this pollution ends up in our water supply and soil.
The problem with pollution can be easily remedied with bioremediation products. The problem with surface stains is tricky. Most of the typical petroleum products we use in our vehicles contain various dyes and coloring agents. Transmission fluid, brake fluid, motor oils, etc. have coloring ingredients within them. One may be red, one may be yellow, etc. These serve a purpose. The problem is getting them out of your concrete. The petroleum or oil itself also leaves a stain. This is because concrete is porous. It acts like a sponge. It soaks up the hydrocarbons and holds them for a while. In actuality, after much staining has taken place, the oil soaks through the concrete and migrates into the soil beneath or washes across the surface and into the storm drains, etc. The coloring agents remain. Removing these is difficult. Microbes will eventually eat the oil and the coloring agent within the concrete stain. However, this takes some time and the area has to be kept wet.
Traditionally, people just power wash these stains away or use chemical cleaners which tend to be caustic. This may remove the stain but it does not remove the pollution. It only moves the pollution by washing it down your drains. There are other clever products available which will mask or hide the stain. Some of these are actually like a dry or waterless concrete patch. They utilize a small grain powder substance which appears to clean the stain. In reality, the stain has only been covered with a microscopic dust which appears to be clean concrete. Again, little to no pollution control. Some of the best of these products actually have some microbes within them. This will remedy your visual problem and help bioremediate the oil slowly once it becomes wet. Microbes only work with water. That is a non-negotiable fact.
Alabaster Corp. is not knocking these dry cleaning products, absorbents, etc. because they can help with the appearance of your concrete. They can also contribute to helping with your pollution problems. But if you spill 100 gallons of gasoline and try pouring on of these other products upon the spill and then throw a match on it… it will explode! Petro Clean is made to prevent this form happening. Other Alabaster Corp. products are made to actually penetrate the concrete and bioremediate the stains. They must be scrubbed with our cleaning products and kept moist for a time. Then the microbes will remediate the oil. If you keep the area wet for a long time the microbes will actually go into the soil underneath the concrete and eat the oil out from under it.
Products To Use:
CS2 Super Concentrate (BCC#1), Petro-Clean Emergency Response Solution:
Dilute the Alabaster Corp. product as recommended. For CS2 Super Concentrate use between 20 to 30 parts water. For BCC#1 use about 10 parts water. For Petro Clean use about 10 parts water. Only a small amount of microbes are needed. Maybe a few table spoons per gallon. Spray or pour the cleaner over the stained area. If the stains are very heavy with oil buildup you should use a wire or other coarse brush such as a push broom first, to break up and help remove the surface oil buildup. Scrub it well until you see a whitish colored foam develop. This emulsification meaning the oil is mixing with the water and surfactants within the chemicals. Make sure the area is wet so the microbes get into the pores of the concrete but don’t wash it all away. Continue scrubbing in a circular pattern. It’s best to leave it at least overnight. It is best to keep the area wet for a few days so the bugs will begin to actually eat the oil. The longer the area is kept wet the more effective the bugs will be. You can just apply the product and scrub it before rinsing it off. The cleaners will help but the coloring agent in the stain will still be there. This method is a bit time consuming but environmentally friendly.
A better method is to apply the product as described, let it set for a time, preferably over night, then power wash it. You can remove the visual problem with the stains this way as usual and the microbes will attach to the oil and grease and bioremediate them. Even though you end up washing it away… which is what happens when it rains anyway. The microbes will remediate the waste pollution! Really. We understand that various regulations may prevent you from washing this into a storm drain because it contains oil. Then don’t do that! Just treat the area with microbes and wash it over the surface of your concrete. The microbe will keep busy.
FOR HEAVY CONCRETE CLEANING AND BIOREMEDIATION:
See the section titled FOR GENERAL FLOOR AND SHOP SPILL CLEANUP DEGREASING: for more related information!
In many machine shop and automotive applications there is a large amount of grease and waste oil from various types of equipment which saturates the concrete over a period of time. This pollution slowly soaks into and through the concrete and into the soil underneath. In extreme cases the saturation so severe that it is visibly apparent. We have seen many time where the slab itself appears black form waste oil spillage and it is soaking directly into the soil underneath. Even if the contaminated slab was removed the soil underneath would be contaminated extensively. The concrete acts like a large sponge which wicks the waste oil through itself and into the soil.
You can actually remediate the slab the same way it was polluted! You just scrub and wash the surface with our powerful microbial cleaners ad let it soak. Without disturbing your shop operations. Several periodic treatment will be effective. You can treat the concrete and let it set overnight or over the weekends depending upon your situation. Just keep applying the product, cleaning and washing your concrete and let the microbes soak down into it. The surface area of the concrete will become less slippery, you will reduce your chances of fire, and you will reduce your pollution in the process.
Products To Use:
CS2 Super Concentrate (BCC#1), Petro-Clean Emergency Response Solution:
Heavy wash the entire shop floor with concentrated biodegradable cleaners and microbes. Heavily scrub and soak the entire inside of the shop floor overnight or preferably over a entire weekend. On resuming business the following Monday, rinse the floor clean with water.
Depending upon the level of contamination this should be repeated on several occasions until the pollution is bioremediated. Include washing and degreasing the equipment as much as reasonable or possible. The idea is that the shop floor and the earth underneath has become saturated with hydrocarbons. Pollution gradually soaked into and through the cement and into the soil underneath. To remediate this in a cost effective manner, you want to clean this area the same way it was contaminated. This being done in a series of small treatments (floor washings) instead of one major remediation project. The idea is prevention. This system of degreasing the floor is allowing for adequate soaking time and will assist in remediating the actual concrete as well as the soil underneath. This material can be rinsed off the same way the waste was to treat the past spillage and contamination in the soil surrounding the shop areas.
At first used some heavy washing to really get started right! Each wash will consist of pumping several gallons of CS2 or BCC#1 concentrate into a container, adding a small amount of blend ABB microbes and then diluting this with between 10 and 30 parts water depending upon the size of your area and the level of waste. This ready to use product with water and microbes should be washed as described completing 1 washing of the shop floors. To complete this heavy washing you should purchase and use enough for several washes. These are best done daily, or weekly for the first few weeks to a month. After this you will perform maintenance washing in the same manner with a much smaller amount of more diluted product according to your needs.
During this time we recommend you find some alternative methods for dealing with the causes of your spills! Appropriate secondary containments around equipment such as spill trays, etc, and the use of quality absorbent products are suggested. As a side not… you can not just use an endless amount of absorbent clay materials and keep sweeping and washing these out of your shop. This is pollution! You can however bioremediate the absorbents or recycle these and dispose f these properly.
A typical example for bioremediating and cleaning estimated 2,500 to 10,000 square foot shops with much waste oil spillage could be as follows:
For Heavy Washing of Shop Floors. The entire shop floor should be washed so you must use enough materials to wash the entire area well. This means getting a little soapy! Perform heavy wash once per week minimum. Use CS2 Super Concentrate and dilute this with up to 30 parts water. 1 gallon of CS2 Super Concentrate will make up to 30 gallons of ready to use product. Add about ¼ lbs. of blend ABB microbes per 30 gallons of this diluted ready to use solution. Say you buy a 5 gallon bucket of CS2. This will make 150 gallons of ready to use product. Say you only use about 30 gallons of this per treatment. That is enough for 5 heavy treatments! Depending upon the size of your shop, this process should cost only about $45. per treatment based upon typical retail prices! Scrub this into the concrete and soak over night or over the weekend before rinsing. Do this each week or each wash depending upon the size of your shop and the level of contamination. After the heavy treatment, begin Light Maintenance Washing of Shop Floors..
For Light Maintenance Washing of Shop Floors. The entire shop floor should be washed so you must use enough materials to wash the entire area well. This means getting a little soapy! Weekly or Once per month as needed. Maybe light washing once per week and a heavy wash once per month. This again all depends upon your situation and budget, etc. Take the CS2 Super Concentrate and dilute this with up to 60 parts water. 1 gallon of CS2 Super Concentrate will make up to 60 gallons of ready to use product. Add about ¼ lbs of blend ABB microbes per 60 gallons of diluted solution. Say you buy a 5 gallon bucket of CS2. This will make 300 gallons of ready to use product. Say you only use about 30 gallons of this per treatment. That is enough for 10 light treatments! Depending upon the size of your shop, this process should cost only about $22.50 to $25.00 per treatment based upon typical retail prices! Scrub this into the concrete and soak over night or over the weekend before rinsing. Do this each week or each wash depending upon the size of your shop and the level of contamination.
FOR OCEAN OIL AND FUEL SPILL DISPERSANT USE:
Products To Use:
SEA-BRAT, Petro-Clean Emergency Response Solution:
SEA-BRAT is a very effective oil spill dispersant and emulsifier designed to disperse oil and fuel spills on water. It will also encapsulate the hydrocarbon in an emulsion to enable efficient in-situ bioremediation of the fuel or oil when the product is used in concert with our microbial bioremediation blend. The product is very easy to use and is non-hazardous to humans.
Typically for oil or fuel spill dispersion applications SEA BRAT is diluted with water in the following ratios:
For a heavy crude oil spill use a approximate 5 to 1 ratio. 1 part SEA BRAT concentrate with 4 parts water.
This is a strong mix. If you are adding microbes, 1 lbs. bugs per 1 gallon of SEA BRAT concentrate is a lot of bugs.
1 lbs. bugs per 5 gallons of SEA BRAT concentrate is good for ocean spills.
Estimate the size or volume of the spill. Use about 20% of the total fuel spill in SEA BRAT.
Example 1 SEA-BRAT Oil Spill:
A 1000 gallon spill use 200 gallons of SEA BRAT concentrate and 800 gallons of water.
40 lbs. of blend ABB microbes would be wise.
For a light fuel spill (gasoline, diesel, etc.) use a approximate 10 to 1 ratio. I part SEA BRAT with 9 parts water.
This is a strong mix. If you are adding microbes, 1 lbs. per 1 gallon of Sea Brat concentrate is a lot of bugs.
1 lbs. bugs per 5 gallons of SEA BRAT concentrate is good for ocean spills.
Estimate the size or volume of the spill. Use about 10% of the total fuel spill in SEA BRAT.
Example 2 SEA-BRAT Oil Spill:
For Example: a 1000 gallon spill use 100 gallons of SEA BRAT concentrate and 900 gallons of water.
40 lbs. of blend ABB microbes would be wise.
Keep in mind that 1 gallon of Sea-BRAT concentrate will actually yield more dispersant than these amounts. But we want effectiveness! Mix the microbes into the product well prior to application. Then spray SEA BRAT onto the surface of the oil or fuel slick with conventional spraying equipment. The hydrocarbons in the slick will be remediated by the microbe blend within 30-90 days depending on ambient conditions and the initial concentrations of hydrocarbon.
FOR GREASE TRAPS GALLEYS AND COMMISSARY USAGE:
OUR SOLUTIONS PREVENT POLLUTION!™
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E-mail: ALABASTER CORP.