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"The World’s Best Bioremediation Materials!"


Alabaster Corp. Case Studies in Bioremediation and Examples of Bioremediation Process:

Examples of Bioremediation Description 01: Multiple Automotive Repair and Service Sites with multiple LPST.

Multiple (6) properties had been leased to a nationwide automotive repair and service chain. They required environmental remediation before the owners could resell or lease the sites. All site locations had UST or underground fuel storage tanks for gasoline and oil. Additionally, the interior, enclosed shop areas had extensive and built up hydrocarbon contamination from years of oil spills and the outside parking lot areas has extensive surface staining. This hydrocarbons contamination was heavily saturated into the cement. Runoff from maintenance cleaning upon the cement flowed over the cement and subsequently drained into the soil where the fuel storage tanks UST were buried. All sites had LPST or Leaking Petroleum Storage Tanks.

Pollution: Environmental Soil Contamination, Hydrocarbons from an Oil Spills.

Thick grime and built up grease mixed with assorted new and used automotive maintenance products cause extensive surface staining and slip hazards as well as fire hazards. Cement areas inside and outside the building had suffered from prolonged exposure to oil spill and other environmental pollution. Underground fuel storage tanks needed remediation and UST/ LPST closure.

Solution: Accelerated Bioremediation Process. Surface Washing of areas. Soil Remediation using Microbial Cleaners and Microbial Blends. Tank Degassing and Washing with Petroclean.

The pollution solution was a combination of bioremediation and surface washing, degassing and industrial cleaning. The goal was to restore the subject sites to a non contaminated condition and reduce liability for the owners maintaining the value of their commercial real estate investment. Identified fuel storage tanks had to be addressed in compliance with the state laws. Safety issues and fire and explosion hazards were an issue. There were three phases to this environmental cleanup. First was the surface washing of contamination on the cement floor work areas. With a beginning TPH of approximately 30,000 mg/kg on average was reduced completely by surface washing with BCC#1 concentrate and microbes at each location. The second phase was cleanup of the asphalt areas, with each location covering approximately 10,000 square feet. The areas not only had surface contamination but also soil contamination under the asphalt. Cleanup and remediation of these areas required injection of advancement solution and microbes to a depth of approximately 2 feet under the asphalt. There were a total of four such treatments over a four month period. The third and final phase involved cleanup and closure of the storage tanks which had both internal and external contamination. First the tanks were pumped out and any reclaimable waste oils or fuels were recycled. Then the tanks were degassed using an injection foaming treatment to eliminate VOCs then heavily circulated with the microbial cleaner BCC#1 including microbes. The tanks were then closed permanently in place by filling with bank sand. The surrounding soil was treated in-situ with Alabaster Corp. bioremediation solutions and microbes.

Case Studies in Bioremediation Results: TPH Dropped to Acceptable Levels, Tanks Closed and Remediated, Property Restored to Marketable Condition.

Beginning contamination (TPH) was as high as 38,000 PPM and all locations were reduced to 500 PPM or less during the period from January to April. These examples are only a few of the test results taken and are approximations. Customer confidential. BRL or Below Reporting Limits.

January 1997: Soil testing was conducted with results as follows:

Sample ID # store 01: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 33,000 mg/kg

Sample ID # store 02: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 24,800 mg/kg

Sample ID # store 03: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 17,186 mg/kg

Sample ID # store 04: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 4,250 mg/kg

Sample ID # store 05: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 5,040 mg/kg

Sample ID # store 06: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 3,540 mg/kg

February 1997: Soil testing was conducted with results as follows:

Sample ID # store 01: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 7,600 mg/kg

Sample ID # store 02: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 935 mg/kg

Sample ID # store 03: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 9,623 mg/kg

Sample ID # store 04: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 2,992 mg/kg

Sample ID # store 05: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 644 mg/kg

Sample ID # store 06: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 416 mg/kg

March: Soil testing was conducted with results as follows:

Sample ID # store 01: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: BRL

Sample ID # store 02: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 418 mg/kg

Sample ID # store 03: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 172 mg/kg

Sample ID # store 04: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 168 mg/kg

Sample ID # store 05: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 325 mg/kg

Sample ID # store 06: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: BRL

April: Soil testing was conducted with results as follows:

Sample ID # store 01: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: <500 mg/kg

Sample ID # store 02: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: BRL

Sample ID # store 03: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: BRL

Sample ID # store 04: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: BRL

Sample ID # store 05: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: BRL

Sample ID # store 06: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: BRL

Examples of Bioremediation Description 02: Letter. Petro Clean. Automobile Accident in Broaddus, Texas.

An automobile accident occurred in Broaddus, Texas in May of 1998. The driver overturned the car and the vehicle’s fuel line broke. The helpless driver was pinned and trapped within the car. In moments the ground beneath the vehicle was covered in gasoline. Explosive and flammable. This is the worst nightmare scenario.

Pollution: Hazardous Gasoline Fuel Spill. Life at Risk.

In these circumstances the first concern is always safety. The pollution is absolutely secondary at best. It’s always a good idea to have a fire extinguisher in your trunk just in case you happen to come across a situation like this. We recommend contacting your local fire department for advice BEFORE you become involved with an accident! Ask them what to do if you are the first to arrive.

Solution: Petro Clean Surface Washing. It Helps Prevent Fires.

In a letter dated May 22, 1998 from the Broaddus Volunteer Fire Department: “To Whom It May Concern: There was an automobile accident on highway 147 in Broaddus, Texas involving a Suburban. The driver lost control of the vehicle and it overturned leaving the driver pinned in the car. The fuel line to the engine ruptured resulting in gas spilling on the ground beneath the car. The potential for a fire at this accident scene was serious which put rescue personnel at extreme risk. We sprayed the spill with Petro-Clean in an effort to prevent a catastrophic event. The results were excellent. Extraction of the driver from the car required two (2) hours and during this period we not only didn’t have a fire but both rescue workers outside and inside of the vehicle reported that they could not smell gasoline fumes.(Signed) Robert Scarber, Fire Chief. Broaddus Volunteer Fire Department. “

Case Studies in Bioremediation Results: This Letter Speaks For Itself.

Petro-Clean Emergency Response Solution is designed to help prevent fires. It contains very powerful emulsification properties which can capture and encapsulate VOC or volatile organic compounds. It is also environmentally friendly.

Examples of Bioremediation Description 03: Letter. South Coast Air Quality Management District VOC Testing.

On December 10, 2002 the South Coast Air Quality Management District staff in Diamond Bar California tested Petro Clean for it’s ability to reduce VOC or volatile organic compounds within the context of Rule 1166.

Results: TPH dropped substantially within a short time frame and with a limited budget.

The letter to a customer/ distributor states: “SCAQMD staff has conducted a field test using “Alabaster Corp. B.R.A.T.” (Petro Clean Formula) VOC suppressant on contaminated soil with initial VOC concentration of more than 50,000 p.p.m. After a five minute duration, the suppressant achieved more than 96% reduction in VOC concentration in the soil. Volatile Organic Compound content determined by SCAQMD Method 304-gl.” Signed Program Supervisor.

Examples of Bioremediation Description 04: A Petroleum Compressor Station.

Petroleum hydrocarbon contamination had leaked from three active compressor units within a petroleum compressor station. The contamination was heavily accumulated and visible across the surface area. The spill had been leaking for an extended period. Attempts to cover the spill and prevent surface slippage were made by pouring composite gravel over the oil spill. However, the contamination spread as runoff leached into a French drain. The site was approximately 6 acres with environmental contamination confirmed by testing through a 3 acre area.

Pollution: Environmental Contamination, Petroleum Hydrocarbons from an Oil Spill.

Samples taken for soil contamination at the site were tested by an environmental laboratory and found to have initial TPH levels (total parts hydrocarbon) ranging from approximately 11,000 mg/kg or PPM (parts per million) up to approximately 147,000 mg/kg depending upon the test.

Solution: Accelerated Bioremediation Process. Surface Washing of areas. Soil Remediation using Industrial Grade Microbial Cleaners and Microbial Blends. Bioremediating Absorbents.

The pollution solution was accelerated bioremediation. The objective of the environmental remediation was to reduce the contamination throughout the site to an acceptable or permitted level designated in this case to be under 10,000. mg/kg. Once this was achieved a environmental and emergency response, preventative maintenance program was implemented to further remediate any existing contamination and prevent future occurrences. This project required treating approximately 7,000. cubic yards with Alabaster Corp. bioremediation products. Quantities of BCC#1 concentrated microbial cleaner were mixed with a custom microbial blend and diluted to an appropriate ratio before application. Appropriate ground preparation techniques were implemented before the remediation began. After the leakages were repaired, surface liquid was vacuumed from the point of origin and bioremediated within a bio-cell using the mentioned microbial cleaning products. The compressor station area underwent a thorough surface washing with bioremediating microbial cleaners and a approved surface washing agent. Run off from this treatment allowed the microbial products to follow the original course of contamination. Hot spots and other areas of concern according to testing were treated with pressure injection of the bioremediation products. Then the entire surface area of contaminated soil underwent tilling in of the biodegradable absorbent product BGP 150 as well as application of the bioremediation chemicals.

Case Studies in Bioremediation Results: TPH Dropped substantially within a short time frame and with a limited budget.

These examples are only a few of the test results taken and are approximations. Customer confidential. BRL or Below Reporting Limits.

November 1: Soil testing was conducted with results as follows:

Sample ID #01: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 11,000 mg/kg

Sample ID #02: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 147,000 mg/kg

Sample ID #03: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 130,000 mg/kg

November 13: Soil testing was conducted with results as follows:

Sample ID #04: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 9,000 mg/kg

Sample ID #05: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 50,000 mg/kg

Sample ID #06: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 26,000 mg/kg

December 9: Soil testing was conducted with results as follows:

Sample ID #07: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: BRL

Sample ID #08: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 15,000 mg/kg

Sample ID #09: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 9,000 mg/kg

December 18: Soil testing was conducted with results as follows:

Sample ID #10: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: BRL

Sample ID #11: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 9,000 mg/kg

Sample ID #12: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: BRL

Examples of Bioremediation Description 05: A Railroad Track Cleanup inside a Houston Chemical Plant.

The railroad tracks confined within the property of a industrial chemical plant had extensive environmental contamination from years of usage. They were contaminated with a mixture of brake fluids, grease, diesel fuel, creosote and other halogenated hydrocarbons.

Pollution: Prolonged Oil Spills caused Environmental Contamination on Railroad Tracks.

Runoff from the railroad tracks went into the normal flood plain and environmental cleanup was required. Conventional methods of remediation would have required removal of the tracks, excavation of contaminated soil and gravel and land filling. Disposal of the waste soil and materials at a landfill or incinerator. This process would have been extremely expensive just for the remediation and cleanup, however, disruption of service would have been even more costly. Treatment without any prolonged or significant disruption of operation was crucial.

Solution: Accelerated Bioremediation Process. Surface Washing of Railroad Track areas. Soil Remediation using Alabaster Corp. Bioremediation and Microbial Products.

The plant decided use to bioremediation and remediate the contaminated soil areas using Alabaster Corp. products. Six treatments with BCC#1 concentrate and the appropriate microbial blends were applied to the track bed and other contaminated areas over a four and a half month period. Surface washing was performed. Minor labor requirements. No disruption of service.

Results: TPH Lowered within a short time frame and no service disruption.

The beginning contamination levels (TPH) varied from 4,000 mg/kg up to 29,000 mg/kg depending on sample location. After four and a half months the environmental contamination had been reduced to <900 mg/kg everywhere on this 3000 cubic yard site.

Examples of Bioremediation Description 06: Petrochemical Refinery Oil Tank, Firewall Cleanup.

A tank farm within a petrochemical refinery complex; Prolonged oil spills, and long term accumulation of spilled and leaked oils had caused soil contamination under and around the surrounding firewall of the storage tank farms. Over the years, contaminated soil had been removed from the firewall areas and stockpiled on an adjacent area.

Pollution: Heavy Buildup of Hydrocarbon Contamination from Petroleum Oil Spills.

Test samples taken in late May showed the soil contamination in the waste stockpile had an average TPH of >27,000 mg/kg and a peak TPH of 57,800 mg/kg. Other soil samples taken from within the contaminated firewall areas showed varying contamination levels from 30 mg/kg up to 4200 mg/kg.

Solution: Bioremediation of Soil Contamination using Microbial Cleaners.

The soil contamination from the waste stockpile was spread out into a thin layer over in an enclosed area of approximately 1,000 square yards adjacent to the tanks. This area as well as the firewall areas were treated with a combination of Alabaster Corp. A strain microbial blend and a bioremediating advancement solution. After the initial treatment, the area was watered for at least four hours per day each day for a month.

Case Studies in Bioremediation Results: TPH Dropped substantially within a short time frame and with a limited budget.

When additional soil TPH samples were taken in late June, the maximum TPH over the entire area had fallen to <1000 mg/kg.

Examples of Bioremediation Description 07: A Emergency Fuel Pipeline Leak into Sewer System.

A leaking pipeline in Texas City, Texas had contaminated the underground sewer system with high levels of VOCs or volatile organic compounds. The site had very high LEL readings or Lower explosive levels creating a very hazardous condition.

Pollution: Environmental Contamination, Petroleum Hydrocarbons from an Oil Spill.

A major fuel pipeline leak caused a flammable and explosive spill. It was within the underground sewage system and there was a great risk of environmental contamination causing extensive pollution. The city had estimated that approximately 3.5 miles of underground sewer had been invaded by the mixture of fuels. LEL meters were pegged out all over town. Meanwhile, the city had discovered microbe kills in their clarifiers, six 1.2 million gallon tanks. The first one had gone down and a second was turning a murky brown.

Solution: PetroClean Emergency Response Solution for Surface Washing of areas.

An environmental cleanup contractor sprayed approximately 500 gallons of Alabaster's Petro-Clean product into the sewer system as a first response. After meeting with city officials and Texas environmental management personnel, a treatment plan was agreed to based on an assessment of the overall impact of the situation. An additional round of treatment using Petro-Clean was applied at several different areas in the system. Within 24 hours, the LEL levels were dropping substantially in response to the treatment. One hundred pounds of Alabaster microbial blends (A, B, C and S types) were applied to clarifier #1. A three-day treatment was recommended. The next day, the degassing effort throughout the sewers had been successfully completed after about 72 hours since the initial application of Petro-Clean. Treatment of the clarifiers continued with the introduction of an additional two hundred pounds of microbes along with two hundred pounds of Alabaster Nutrient Booster.

Case Studies in Bioremediation Results: TPH Dropped substantially within a short time frame.

By the next day, the first clarifier came back up and the second one was clear. Less than 24 hours later, municipal engineers stated that the system was up and running. This potentially highly dangerous situation had been completely remediated within a total elapsed time of 5 days.
Used in conjunction with Petro-Clean and other Alabaster Corp. Bioremediation Products the A and B microbial blends are regularly utilized for cleanups in plant sewers, tank farms, oil spills, ditches, etc. The C and S microbe blends are used in food-processing plants as well as human waste-treatment plants. They can re-populate water treatment systems. They are naturally occurring, non-pathogenic and have a high tolerance to petroleum contamination. Plant treatment systems regularly state that their operation is more efficient after use of these microbes.

Examples of Bioremediation Description 08: Soil Contamination at a Oil Well Casing Facility.

An oil well casing (piping) and tubular company had performed water pressure testing and pipe coating for a prolonged amount of time within various areas on a 20 acre property. Various pipe coating materials and solvents had been used extensively during the process with little to no regard for soil contamination issues. A jumbo loan was contingent upon remediation and ongoing facility environmental maintenance practices. This had to be accomplished within a short time frame.

Pollution: Environmental Contamination, Heavy Petroleum Hydrocarbons.

The piping was being treated with large volumes of hydrocarbon materials. These wastes were being washing onto the ground and spilt in large quantities. Large areas of soil were covered with thick black, oily substance. Such a volume of hydrocarbon products and water was used in the process that areas over an acre in size were pooling. This wastewater build up was being improperly drained with a pump and hosing into nearby drainage ditches. Testing results showed TPH levels to ranged between 2830 mg/kg to 80,000 mg/kg.

Solution: Accelerated Bioremediation Process. Re-designing the facilities operation process.

The major hot spots were identified with testing. First, necessary ground preparation such as debris removal, ground work, etc. Treatment used as much as 35 (55) gallon drums of BCC#1 Concentrate and up to 175 lbs of AB microbial blend total throughout the 20 acre facility. 5 lbs of dry microbes were added to each drum of BCC#1 Concentrate. Each (55) gallon drum of BCC#1 Concentrate was diluted into a larger container with approximately 350 gallons of water. This ready to use or apply product was distributed over the entire contaminated areas with a motorized pump until the surface of the area was saturated thoroughly. Once the product was applied, the surface area was tilled and plowed appropriately. These areas were re-tilled as needed. Perhaps a couple times within a month. The surface was sprayed with more water as needed to maintain adequate moisture. Some areas required second treatments however, TPH had dropped very rapidly within the first few weeks. There were multiple hot spot areas treated in this project. Contamination levels varied per area.
Product application rations varied according to need. The most contaminated area used approximately 6 (55) gallon drums of BCC#1 Concentrate and 30 lbs of AB microbial blend in total to treat an approximate 1 acre area. This was divided between 2 treatments. Although the initial site assessment began in September of 2004 the actual bioremediation did not begin until late January of 2005. Actual bioremediation time was completed from start to finish within less than 2 months.

Case Studies in Bioremediation Results: TPH Dropped substantially within a short time frame.

September 29: Soil testing was conducted with results as follows:

Sample ID #01: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 11,300 mg/kg.

Sample ID #02: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 3,640 mg/kg.

Sample ID #03: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 115,280 mg/kg.

Sample ID #04: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: <5,970 mg/kg.

Sample ID #05: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: <2,930 mg/kg.

Sample ID #06: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 15,330 mg/kg.

Sample ID #07: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 9,540 mg/kg.

Sample ID #08: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: <5,400 mg/kg.

Sample ID #09: (TCLP) TCLP: 0.005 ml/L BRL

Sample ID #10: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: <3,540 mg/kg.

Sample ID #11: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 80,220 mg/kg.

Sample ID #12: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH: 74,700 mg/kg.

March 23: Soil testing was conducted with results as follows:

Sample ID #01: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH 187 mg/kg.

Sample ID #02: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH 265 mg/kg.

Sample ID #03: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH 982 mg/kg.

Sample ID #04: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH 104 mg/kg.

Sample ID #05: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH 93 mg/kg.

Sample ID #06: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH 23 mg/kg.

Sample ID #07: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH <20 mg/kg.

Sample ID #08: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH 23 mg/kg.

Sample ID #09: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH 79 mg/kg.

Sample ID #10: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH 70 mg/kg.

Sample ID #11: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH 891 mg/kg.

Sample ID #12: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH 667 mg/kg.

Sample ID #13: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH 609 mg/kg.

Sample ID #14: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH 109 mg/kg.

Sample ID #15: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH 499 mg/kg.

Sample ID #16: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH 519 mg/kg.

Sample ID #17: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH 325 mg/kg.

Sample ID #18: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH <20 mg/kg.

Sample ID #19: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH <20 mg/kg.

Sample ID #20: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH 297 mg/kg.

Examples of Bioremediation Description 09: Large Machine Shop with Maintenance Areas.

This facility operated several pieces of specialty machinery. They used an assortment of lubricating oils and fluids as well as equipment and automotive maintenance products.

The equipment maintenance area was being used to store pallets of assorted valves and related items. There were a couple of large forklifts and other heavy equipment and trucks being maintained within this area. There was an AST containing Hydraulic Oil without the required secondary containment. The surrounding areas near the base of this AST and the forklifts are visually saturated with hydrocarbons. There were several hydrocarbon product containers scattered in a haphazard manner in this area. These range between 5 and 55 gallon in size, both metal and plastic. There was no evidence of spill prevention procedures in this area.

Pollution: Hydrocarbon Contamination from Machining Operations.

Regular petroleum spillage in the shop and equipment maintenance area. Multiple pools of spilled hydrocarbon waste were noticeable. There was no evidence of spill prevention procedures. An amount of typical calcine clay type absorbent had been used ineffectively. The site is used for storage of several 55 gallon drums of various related and typical hydrocarbon products and waste oils. This drum station has inadequate secondary containment. The surrounding area near the base of this drum station was visually saturated with hydrocarbons. Testing results from the runoff outside the shop show total TPH levels to range between approximately 1500 mg/kg and 3640 mg/kg. Areas within the shop showed TPH levels to range between and 3950 mg/kg and 5970 mg/kg. The majority of these hydrocarbons are C12-C28 with C28-C36 being secondary. These can include products like diesels, lubricating oils, hydraulic oils, and automotive or equipment maintenance products. There were several square yards of surface contaminated soil to be treated.

Solution: Petro Clean. Surface Washing of areas. Preventative Maintenance Procedures.

The entire surface of the concrete floor areas within the shop were washed and scrubbed with Petro Clean Emergency Response Solution. A microbial blend was added to this to improve results. This was washed out onto the surrounding shop and maintenance areas including the dirt floor areas. Hand tilling of contaminated areas of soil surrounding the shop and equipment maintenance areas was completed and BCC#1 with microbial blend AB was added in appropriate amounts. The shop uses Petro Clean as part of regular maintenance in the event of a flammable liquid spill. Petro Clean is also used in a diluted form to occasionally wash the shop floors. The consultant also recommended the company upgrade it’s existing drum station and other secondary containment areas to provide for spill containment. Appropriate disposal of used shop rags and towels, buckets, and other used hydrocarbon containers should be implemented as part of a larger maintenance program. The usage of appropriate spill containment and response materials is required such as an on site spill kit or spill station. A designated waste container should be present for disposal of used waste and spill materials such as absorbents, socks, booms, floor sweeps etc.

Case Studies in Bioremediation Results: TPH dropped substantially within a short time frame for less than $500.00.

January 23: Soil testing was conducted with results as follows:

Sample ID #01: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH 185 mg/kg.

Sample ID #02: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH 263 mg/kg.

Sample ID #03: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH BRL

Sample ID #04: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH 104 mg/kg.

Sample ID #05: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH 93 mg/kg.

Sample ID #06: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH <20 mg/kg.

Sample ID #07: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH <20 mg/kg.

Sample ID #08: (Soil TPH TX 1005) TPH 23 mg/kg

Examples of Bioremediation Description 10: Emergency Crude Oil Spill off the Coast of Galveston, Texas.

Pollution: Over 1000 Gallons of Crude Oil Spilled. Limited Time to Respond.

Spring of 2004. A large totally accidental crude oil spill off the coast of Galveston Texas. Environmental contamination was the major issue. Regulatory authorities were involved. The customers names, incident details, product details as well as application details are withheld.

Solution: Alabaster Corp. Products were used by a well know emergency response contractor.

Approximately 500 gallons of an Alabaster Corp. Product was used. The contractor stated in a letter to Alabaster Corp. that our product: “was very effective in breaking down the crude oil, thus allowing the microbes to digest the hydrocarbons and turning them into a by-product of carbon dioxide and water. We were not only able to clean the spill up faster, but it also allowed us to clean it up much cheaper than the old way of using pads, skimmers, lots of personnel, etc, etc. Be assured that we will be contacting you in the future for all of our chemical needs and spill clean ups. Signed, Operations Supervisor.”

Results: The Crude Oil contamination was dispersed successfully and inoculated with bioremediation materials. The contamination impact was greatly reduced.

Due to various regulations and liabilities associated with these situations we do not make the identity of our customers or the exact details of these incidents public information. The product was applied by trained and professional persons in an appropriate manner. The product performed as expected.

Examples of Bioremediation Description 11: Large Tank Cleaning Project at a Major Refinery.

A large company’s primary wastewater holding tank had approximately 8 feet of heavy, oily sludge accumulated at the bottom. This was estimated to be about 40,000 barrels of hydrocarbon waste. Refinery operations were jeopardized. If water levels in the tank were lowered as needed, the volume of grease and oil in the refinery wastewater would be much higher than allowed according to the county wastewater discharge permit. The efficiency of the tank had been lost as it was suffering from a lost storage capacity of close to 30%. The tank had to be cleaned.

Historically, this tank cleaning operation was very expensive. Similar tank cleaning operations at this refinery had cost up to approximately 2 Million. These cost included having personnel remove the waste, centrifuge, dry and haul as much as over 1000 tons of hazardous waste for out of state disposal. The company was willing to try almost anything to keep the expense from going over 1.5 Million.

Pollution: Tank Sludge. Large Volumes of Built Up Hydrocarbon Oil, Grease, etc.

Over 40,000 gallons of heavy hydrocarbon build up inside a refinery tank. Estimated to be a 2 million dollar cleaning project including manpower, equipment, lost time, degassing and hazardous waste hauling of over 1000 tons of waste.

Solution: Alabaster Corp. Bioremediation and Emergency Response Products.

Alabaster Corp. products were sold by a key distributor and used breakdown and remediate the oily sludge within the tank. The thick build up was dissolved and the large volume of waste was remediated. First, the bioremediation products (Made by Alabaster Corp.) separated the sludge from the oil so the remaining oil could be skimmed off and recycled or converted back into product. Then the microbial solutions reduced the hydrocarbon levels until it was safe and legal to discharge the water.

Case Studies in Bioremediation Results: Money Saved. Tank Cleaned. Operations Back On Line.

For a total cost of less than $300,000. and within only a few weeks and with less than a couple of employees working on the tank the project was complete. The tank was not opened. No hazardous waste was created. Over 4000 barrels of oil were recycled and saved. The waste water effluent quality was improved.

Examples of Bioremediation Description 12: Contaminated Soil and Runoff into a Drainage Ditch.

A Houston machine shop had been operating for years. They were attempting to re-finance the subject property. Upon inspection, it was determined that the subject needed to improve maintenance procedures and overall environmental practices of operation. Within the shop there was a large volume of various hydrocarbon fluids covering the floor area. The base of the machines were heavy with built up hydrocarbon contamination. Metal shavings and other typical shop debris such as used oil rags and absorbent materials were accumulated. The shop floor was a serious slip hazard. The employees had been power washing the waste out of the shop in a common fashion. This waste had been building up in a drainage ditch which ran off the subject property.

Pollution: Contaminated Soil, Hydrocarbons Runoff.

Testing results show Total TPH levels to be above 6000 mg/kg in the drainage ditch alone. The hydrocarbons appeared to be mostly from products like diesels, lubricating oils, hydraulic oils, kerosene, and automotive or equipment maintenance products. There were multiple TPH tests sampled.

Solution: Surface Washing of floor areas. Soil remediation using Alabaster Corp. Bioremediating products.

The shop floors were mopped with Alabaster Corp. BCC#1 and A blend microbes. Only a small amount was required. During off hours the products were allowed to soak and saturate the shop floors overnight. Then the materials were washed out of the shop as usual. The company improved it’s choice of absorbent materials and set various boons and socks, pads, etc. in place to prevent future materials from running off site. Bioremediation products were hand tilled into the contaminated soil within the drainage ditch.

Results: TPH dropped substantially.

Within a couple of weeks the contaminated soil within the drainage ditch dropped to acceptable levels of less than 100 mg/kg. The shop floors almost instantly reduced there slip hazards and the overall aesthetics of the shop interior improved dramatically. Once it was confirmed that the small company was maintaining it’s environmental maintenance the lender funded the loan.

Examples of Bioremediation Description 13: Large Contaminated Industrial Painting and Sandblasting Site. 1989

The now bankrupt company had operated as an industrial and marine coating and sandblasting company. The subject site had operated in this location for approximately 30 years. They sandblasted and painted large and steady volumes of oil field equipment and other related items at this location within several large sandblasting yards. The property was approximately 25 acres in size. Most of the contamination was within an approximately 6 acre area. There were various structures including offices, equipment storage, chemical and paint warehouses, machine shops, and maintenance shops. There were LPST or leaking underground storage tanks for gasoline and diesel present. There were up to 10 different locations with large above ground storage tanks for diesel alone. Each with very heavy, blackened soil surrounding the area. The company had over the years used tens of thousands of gallons of hazardous solvents and painting materials. There were several locations were large amounts of solvents (over 500 gallons) typically identified as being MEK or methyl ethyl ketone had been spilled at various points. The subject was strewn with related debris. Hundreds of pallets covered in old paint and coal tar as well as hundreds of 55 gallon drums in various state ranging from unopened and full to partially crushed and corroded littered the subject. The maintenance shop floor were covered with thick grease and oil, etc. There were many different pieces of used and deteriorated equipment around the property. These ranged from automotive engine blocks, gas tanks, etc. to larger items such as air compressors, cranes, tractors, etc. Most all of these has spilt waste fuels onto the ground.

Pollution: Heavy Soil Contamination, Petroleum Hydrocarbons.

The subject’s previous owner was in bankruptcy however, creditors would not take the liability. The value of the subject in this condition was far less than the cost of clean up. Had the subject been free of this contamination it may have brought close to 1 million on the market or it could have become a industrial lease property. Cost estimates for remediation at this subject from various professional engineering and environmental firms where as high as over $800,000.00

Solution: Accelerated Bioremediation Process.

Debris removal was initiated. The majority of used equipment was removed, sold or recycled along with scrap metal. Alabaster Corp. BCC#1 and AB microbial blend bioremediation products were mixed and diluted into 300 gallon totes for usage. Used drums were washed out with the cleaning products. Shop floors were sprayed heavily and weekly. These shop floors were allowed to soak so the microbial product could penetrate the cement into the ground beneath. These were kept wet for weeks. Bioremediation product was poured and injected into drains and runoff areas heavily. In some places the concrete was drilled into and cleaning products were injected beneath the slab in multiple locations. Sometimes these injections were performed at angles around the exterior edge of the slab.

Underground storage tanks had to be partially excavated and drained of the remaining waste fuel. The tanks were degassed with Alabaster Corp. products including strong emulsifiers and surfactants to breakdown the build up and encapsulate the VOCs. Then the ground within these tank beds was deep injected and sprayed with the same bioremediation products BCC#1 and AB Blend. Additional microbial boosters were also added. The entire interior of the tanks was heavily washed with a large volume of the bioremediation products and water.

The contaminated soil areas were saturated with BCC#1 and AB blend microbes. Then the ground was heavily tilled. Ratios of mixture were approximately ½ to 1 lbs of dry microbial blend (including proprietary dry booster) per 55 gallon drum of concentrate. This was diluted with water into about 550 gallons. Application was estimated approximately 15 to 20 gallons of ready to use or diluted product per cubic yard of soil. In some areas BGP 150, a bioremediating dry powdered absorbent was tilled into the soil also. BGP 150 was spread out irregularly in areas which had the highest visible amount of blackened hydrocarbon staining. Basically an entire surface area of several square yards was covered with the absorbent product before tilling. This was tilled into the soil. These areas were tilled at least once per week and the ground was kept wet with a typical water hose. There were several treatments depending upon the requirement of the area. During the second treatment blend F was added in equal amounts with the AB blend.

The majority of the clean up was completed within the first few months. This period showed the most significant drop in TPH levels. Microbes typically reach maximum efficiency around 15 to 20 days then maintain this for another 15 days. At this point they begin to drop quickly in terms of how rapidly they are breaking down hydrocarbons. Several subsequent treatments insured a strong population of bioremediating microbes. Regular tilling and watering assisted the process along with bio-enhancement ingredients. The actual project went on for almost 10 months.

Case Studies in Bioremediation Results: Bioremediation of the Subject, Tank Closure In Place for LPST sites. Marketable Real Estate.

Initial test showed TPH levels to be as high as between 100,000 mg/kg to 232,000 mg/kg in some tests. Most typically tests results ranged from between 2,800 mg/kg and 5,000 mg/kg in hot spots. Many areas were less than or close to 1500 mg/kg but few tests were less than 500 mg/kg. There were an estimated 80 to 100 TPH tests performed within about one year at this site. After the first three months the highest test results showed total TPH levels to have been reduced to between 2,000 mg/kg and 6,000 mg/kg. Within about eight months total TPH levels were almost all below the targeted 1,500 mg/kg. Most final samples were below 500 mg/kg.

Total costs for this bioremediation project were less than $70,000.00. Including Alabaster Corp. bioremediation products, tank closure, labor, soil testing. The property was actually purchased for the investment or actual costs of the remediation.

Examples of Bioremediation Description 14: Emergency Fuel Spill at Well Known Equipment Manufacturing Company.

There was an emergency fuel spill at an equipment manufacturing and distribution facility in Houston Texas. The company manufactured and distributed as well as performed maintenance on industrial fork lifts, truck lifts and other related equipment. This was an internationally know company and they were concerned about the accident being discovered. A large fuel tank on the premises had overflowed during the filling process. The details about the accident are typically difficult to verify. At any rate it happened. Somewhere around 500 gallons of fuel spilled onto the cement and was traveling into a drain. The fuel mostly missed the secondary containment around the actual tank. Apparently the hose and nozzle became unattached or was dropped in some accidental manner. This could not be confirmed. The employees response was to try and wash the fuel away and down the drain with water as quickly as possible. The manager discovered this and felt differently about this technique.

Pollution: Hydrocarbon Fuel Spill.

No TPH testing was taken. There was no time for assessment of contamination. The first priority is safety and insuring the spill would not become explosive or ignite.

Solution: Surface Washing of Spill Areas. Bioremediation Wash.

First booms and spill socks were stuffed into the drain line and thrown around the parameter of the spill. This was done to hold the fuel spill until an Alabaster Corp. representative could arrive. On arrival, the spill itself was sprayed with approximately 50 gallons of Petro Clean. As much as an estimated 500 gallons of water was sprayed with the Petro Clean. Employees with mops and floor brooms swept and scrubbed the spill covered cement during the process to insure the Petro Clean was mixed with the hydrocarbon and water creating an emulsion. This was just an extra precaution. The product was forming emulsion as desired and this could be visibly witnessed. Microbes were added to the product and another 25 to 50 gallons of this ready to use material was washed down the drain to chase the previous fuel contamination.

Case Studies in Bioremediation Results: The Fuel Spill was Rendered Non-Flammable. Decreased Contamination.

The incident was corrected in that the fuel spill was rendered non-flammable. The bioremediation materials being microbes and other products mixed with the Petro Clean washed down into the drain pipe. The pipe vented out on the other end of a fenced in culvert. The grass on the other end of the drainage pipe remained green and the only odors detected were from the environmental products. There was apparently no serious environmental impact due to the amount and quality of the microbes and Alabaster Corp. products used.

Examples of Bioremediation Description 15: A Large Volume Waste Transportation Facility.

The company is one of the largest independent waste companies in the state and they service many Fortune 500 companies. The company primarily recycles hydrocarbon waste oil products. The majority of this waste oil is recycled on site and sold within a secondary fuel oil market. The facility is designed so that trucks carrying waste oil pump the product into a series of tanks. These tanks are designed to separate and blend different oils. The final product is sold as a large part of the companies business. Despite excellent reputation and credit the company was having difficulties acquiring financing due to the condition of the property.

Pollution: Hydrocarbon Contamination from Waste Transportation.

The real estate had transferred several times throughout the years. The operations at the subject had remained the same. Ongoing waste transportation had cause contamination at the subject despite the company’s professional attempts to control pollution. The company commonly contracted for the hauling and disposal of waste oil in large volumes. This waste was brought back to the subject facility for recycling. The oils were separated into various mixtures depending upon content. The problem was that much of the waste product was temporarily stored onsite in roll off containers. During the process of moving the waste from one container into another vessel there was spillage. Additionally, the company washed it’s containers and trucks out in one location. Although the company’s designated washing location was designed to recapture spilled waste, much had run off over the years. The background condition of the property indicated further contamination in the soil. Before this company had acquired the subject property another similar company had operated here with far less precaution.

Solution: Accelerated Bioremediation Process and Surface Washing. Maintenance Procedures.

The company had extensively upgraded the facility since the time of purchase. However, there was still heavy leakage in a storage warehouse as well as the washing and container storage areas. Alabaster Corp. BCC#1 Concentrate, BGP#1 Concentrate and AB microbial blend were used for surface washing. Truck, container and equipment washing were also conducted. The entire surface areas of concrete near the recapture drains were washed. Various areas of contaminated soil were spot treated with bioremediation products until the TPH levels dropped to below 1500 mg/kg minimum. The company still uses an amount of Petro Clean for an emergency flammable spill however, this usually is not an issue for them. The primary interest was in cleaning up the existing soil contamination and in surface washing of the shop floors. The solid form and liquid hydrocarbons were not much of an issue being as the company captures and recycles these as part of the business.

Case Studies in Bioremediation Results: Remediation and Improved Environmental Practices.

The company remediated the contaminated soil hot spots. They improved the overall appearance of the property which drew far less attention to the entire process. A process which although monitored in a professional way was still visually disturbing to those who did not understand the business. To the uninitiated the company’s recycling process appeared to be actually pouring waste oil into the ground. This was not the case. In actuality, this was recycling the oil into another series of containers. This was still addressed with surface cleaning agents. The actual contamination was not here but within a storage warehouse were run off and accumulated spills overflowed.

Examples of Bioremediation Description 16: Creosote Remediation In Fence Post Plant.

The subject company was a large manufacturer of fencing posts and other related products. They had spent several years excavating the contaminated soil from their property and subsequently hauling it as hazardous waste to a landfill in Canada under an EPA directive.

Pollution: Creosote Soil Contamination.

Large areas of soil contaminated with various amounts of hydrocarbons. Predominantly, creosote.

Solution: Accelerated Bioremediation Process using Alabaster Corp. Bioremediation Products.

The customer learned of Alabaster Corp. products and our ability to bioremediate hydrocarbon contamination and contacted us. We sold them the appropriate treatment solutions and instructed them in the proper application. They have treated approximately 500 plus cubic yards of creosote contaminated soil. They used Alabaster Corp. BCC#1 Concentrate and Microbial Blends A,B,D,F in a custom mixture.

As a side note; Often we custom mix these microbial blends to cover a broad range of hydrocarbon contamination. However, in some circumstances it is better to perform a treatment using a specialized strain of microbes or a specific blend alone first. This can target specific hydrocarbon chains. For various technical reasons this is more productive. Then we perform the subsequent treatments using another blend or combination to target the remaining hydrocarbons.

Case Studies in Bioremediation Results: TPH dropped substantially within a short time frame and with a limited budget.

The company was under no particular time constraints for cleaning this contamination and have applied only the minimum recommended treatment requirements. With a more intense and thorough treatment schedule even greater hydrocarbon reductions would have been achieved. However, within approximately two months the contamination levels had been reduced from about 249 p.p.m or parts per million to about 119 p.p.m of creosote.

Examples of Bioremediation Description 17: Panama Canal Degreasing Mule Tracks and Dock Washing.

The Panama Canal is approximately 50 miles or 80 kilometers long between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Up to 14 thousand vessels use the canal per year. According to the Panama Canal Commission, an it’s estimated that commercial transport through the canal represents the approximately 5% of world trade. The canal utilizes a system of large locks with gigantic entrance and exit gates that open and close as ships pass through. The locks are designed as giant water lifts which raise ships from the level of the Atlantic or Pacific oceans to the level of the Gatun Lake. When the ship travels through these locks they are tugged or pulled along by machinery referred to as “mules.” These mules are basically like small trains. They attach to the ship and tow the ship along railroad track on either side of the canal.

Pollution: Environmental Issues, Hydrocarbons from grease and Oil Spills.

The railroad system along the canal operates similar to any other railroad system. Although the mules are electrically powered there is a large amount of various hydrocarbon based grease, hydraulic and lubricating oils used. Panama is as tropical is it gets. It rains nearly everyday in Panama. This regular raining washes the waste oils into the locks and subsequently into the seas. Additionally, the extremely large level of port activity including the transportation of all manner of products means an amazing volume of loading and unloading and shipping activities. Cranes, forklifts and other machinery are used in this process and these generate pollution. Accidental spills of various types are regular. Again, historically this is washed overboard. To complicate environmental matters, the vessels are charged as they travel through the locks according to the water displacement of the vessel. Basically the vessel is charged according to it’s weight. In an attempt to control expenses some (certainly not all) ships often empty their bilges before the get close to Panama. Although the washing of bilges, cargo hold, decks, and tanks is not allowed within the jurisdiction of Panama, etc. it happens. Inevitably, these oil spills end up floating to Panama. Again, approximately 14 thousand vessels use the canal per year.

Not only commercial and industrial vessels travel the canal but an large amount of personal or recreational vessels also travel through. It’s important for Alabaster Corp. to make notice that NOT ALL vessels behave unscrupulously in these matters. We are not implying this! Most sailors tend to be responsible about environmental issues. However, the volume of vessels traveling the canal is formidable. So is the amount of various waste flushed into the waters. This ocean pollution actually ends up effecting the water supply and health of the people of Panama.

Solution: Bioremediation. Environmentally Friendly Surface Washing.

Alabaster Corp. provided a large volume of bioremediation products to the Panama Canal Commission and various contractors. These were used to degrease and wash dockside spills and the mule tracks as needed. Additionally, our products were used successfully in a wide range of contracting related operations. Our products were used on the Bridge of the America’s during a large repainting and structural maintenance operation. We also assisted and consulted (from an environmental perspective) a reputable paint company on the application of various specialty coatings within the canal locks. There are many contractors providing ongoing maintenance projects at the canal yearly. These tend top generate a substantial volume of contamination in the form of solvents and other chemicals and hydrocarbons used for operating equipment, etc. Alabaster Corp. products were successfully used in several pilot tests on remediation of large waste oil ponds, etc.

Case Studies in Bioremediation Results: Substantially Improvement in Environmental Conditions.

The results of our products usage were very effective. We met with their environmental authorities as well as several biologist and ecologists to discuss the prospect of treating wastewater along the canal as well as within their wastewater treatment plants. We assisted greatly in an important U.S. Government Environmental Assessment performed before the Panama Canal stewardship or ownership was transferred. We successfully remediated a moderate sized waste oil pond which looked like a giant puddle of black slop before the pilot began. Great improvements have been made at the canal since this time. However, the canal still needs environmental assistance as it represents a great economic and environmental focus point for world trade.

Examples of Bioremediation Description 18: U.S. Army Contracting Command Overseas Remediation.

An overseas U.S. Army Military Base. This base has been active since the Korean War. A Lieutenant with the Army Corps of Engineers contacted Alabaster Corp. about a bioremediation project he was conducting. For many years large volumes of military equipment had been utilized at the subject location. The location had many UST or underground fuel storage tanks as well as AST or above ground fuel storage tanks. The facility operates and maintains a large amount of equipment ranging from typical tractors, cranes, bulldozers, and other earth moving apparatus to heavy military items such as tanks and other combat designed vehicles. The concrete slab throughout most of the very large subject area was heavy and thick to withstand the tremendous weight of the equipment. Large amounts of hydrocarbons had accumulated around and underneath various large cemented areas as well as within soil or non-cemented areas.

Various Army Engineering experiments with bioremediation had showed only typical to minimal results. The current options being considered were destroying the concrete slab, excavating the contaminated earth and re-filling this with clean fill dirt before relaying the new concrete slab. This included several huge area around a large military base. The officers in charge were making a last attempt to keep this project within a budget. Many details must be left confidential.

Pollution: Hydrocarbons Accumulated From Years of Operation.

Large volumes of hydrocarbon contamination. Total TPH ranged from minimal detection levels to as high as well over 100,000 mg/kg. The concrete itself had a saturated amount of hydrocarbons accumulated within. The drinking water supply was effected. Ground water contamination had detectable amounts of BTEX components and other GRO or gasoline range organics. Many details must be left confidential.

Solution: Alabaster Corp. Bioremediation Products. Slab Injection, etc.

A very large volume of Alabaster Corp. Bioremediation products were supplied to the U.S. Army Contracting Command for this overseas base. These included products like our BCC#1 Concentrate (Sold as CS2 or Super Concentrate) and microbial blend AB with Booster.

Case Studies in Bioremediation Results: The Project was Successful.

The Army engineers involved were well acquainted with the process of bioremediation and utilizing the products. They were more than typically equipped and knowledgeable about various techniques involved with applying the products. They had several flexible and creative solutions to contracting dilemmas which would have made this project difficult and more expensive for most. Many details must be left confidential. However, we were verbally assured that they remediated “the substances” they intended. Over the next few months they tripled the original order.

Examples of Bioremediation Description 19: U.S. NAVY Large Volume Grease Trap Treatment.

Large volumes of grease and oils from food service facilities or galleys at various U.S. Navy Stations and Bases. Costs of pumping and disposing of these waste have become a taxpayer burden. The grease traps are intended to prevent liquefied waste grease and oil from entering the municipal waste treatment facility and they are indispensable to the waste disposal and food processing industry. They also provide benefit to municipal water treatment facilities by reducing the biological oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total suspended solids (TSS), total parts hydrocarbon (TPH) and oil and grease (O&G) entering the treatment facility. Restaurants, food processing plants, schools, etc., are all required to have grease traps through out the nation.

Pollution: Non Hazardous Food Grease Accumulated Pumping Costs.

The food grade greases and oils produced by a large volume entity such as a military galley can become a financial burden. The costs of regularly pumping these greases from traps and tanks can be thousands of dollars per year of taxpayer money. It’s necessary to feed our troops, government employees and contractors. However, there is always a better way.

Solution: Bioremediation. Microbial Blends designed to break down these wastes.

Alabaster Corp. microbial blends like Blend C, C+, and S are designed and specialized to break down and remediate waste products like grease, sewage, cellulose, starch, proteins, oils, fats, detergents, etc. as are common and typical in septic systems and grease traps throughout the world. These microbes alone are some of the best in the world for this use. However, our microbial advancement solutions are designed to greatly enhance the process. Our microbial products will can completely destroy grease accumulation if used appropriately. There is a technique to this. Our chemical solutions used in conjunction with our microbial strains can greatly reduce the costs of grease trap maintenance problems.

Case Studies in Bioremediation Results: Control of Odors, Costs, and Grease Within a Limited Budget.

Alabaster Corp. products have been extensively tested by the U.S. military as well as some of the nations leading restaurant chains. Designed for cost savings and convenience our products have provided impressive cost reductions due to a reduction in pumping and maintenance costs.

In one case pumping cost were reduced by over $8,000.00 per year at a U.S. military galley installation. In addition to these savings our products virtually eliminate the foul odors and unsightly mess so common with grease traps. Our Products have been used at many commercial food service entities as well as many U.S. Military bases.

Examples of Bioremediation Description 20: Letter. RAMCO Specialty Products Inc. Recommendation Letter.

A letter of recommendation from RAMCO Specialty Products Inc. which has been a distributor of our products. They marketed our products under the name “Pac-Attack.”

The letter written on September 13, 1999 states: “To whom it may concern, It has been our pleasure to use the services of Alabaster Corporation and their formulation of our Pac-Attack Microbial Line of products. For more than six years we have experienced the benefits of using your microbial products for a wide variety of services, from food service and maintenance companies to oil refineries and production site applications. Our Pac-Attack name has gained national and international attention due to the successes we have offered companies combating the problems associated with spent hydrocarbons. Ramco Specialty Products is known in the petrochemical industry as a leader in innovative options for dealing with BTEX and LEL reductions as well as odor control, tank cleaning and wastewater service operations. This acceptance is due in part to our Pac-Attack Microbial Products supplied by the Alabaster Corporation. We are very pleased with the service, products and results we have had with Alabaster Corporation and would recommend them without reservation. Sincerely, Warren Squyres Sales Manager.”

Case Studies in Bioremediation Results:

Our good friend Mr. Warren Squyres has worked diligently over the years to provide his customers with the best environmentally friendly bioremediation products he could provide. Although the success of this private label has brought us little direct recognition, Alabaster Corp. has been proud to work with people such as Warren. We also have to mention our distributor, Mrs. Pilar Ortega who also worked with Ramco. Another good friend, she has truly shown expertise in the bioremediation business.

Examples of Bioremediation Description 21: A Galveston Island Storage Terminal Facility.

The Pelican Island Storage Terminal in Galveston, Texas. They had a large waste oil pit needing remediation. At first they used a competitive product. It was not providing the results they desired within the time frame required. They switched to Petro-Clean with Microbial Blend AB after the first round of TPH testing.

Pollution: Large Petroleum Hydrocarbon Waste Pit.

An Accumulation of waste hydrocarbons within the soil with the hydrocarbon chains ranging from C6-C12, C12-C28, C28-C36 in similar or almost equal amounts.

Solution: Accelerated Bioremediation Process Using Alabaster Corp. Products.

As stated in our copy of the purchase order and directives the highest priority was given to the environmental and emergency response contractor facilitating the job. Application of the product along with regular plowing and disking was required.

Case Studies in Bioremediation Results: Major TPH Dropped. Vast Improvement Over the Competitive Products.

Original TPH testing showed results for TPH to be:

Pit #2: TPH: 40,060 mg/kg, Naphthalene: 2,080 mg/kg

Pit #3: TPH: 93,870 mg/kg, Naphthalene: 3,450 mg/kg

Results a couple of months after using the competitive product:

Pit#2: TPH: 14,140 mg/kg, Naphthalene: Not Tested.

Pit#3: TPH: 96,900 mg/kg, Naphthalene: Not Tested.

Results a couple of weeks after using Alabaster Corp. products.

(Petro-Clean) with microbes.

Pit#2: TPH: 2,070 mg/kg, Naphthalene: 153 mg/kg.

Pit#3: TPH: 1,221 mg/kg, Naphthalene: 307 mg/kg.

Examples of Bioremediation Description 22: Letter. City of Deer Park, Texas. Diesel Fuel Release.

A letter from the city of Deer Park Public Works dated September 22, 1995, an industrial waste inspector wrote:

“I just wanted to take some time and thank you and your company for all the successful remedies you have helped us with in the past. Predominately, what came to mind was the emergency situation caused by an accidental release of diesel fuel into the sanitary sewer.Strapped with having to shut down the entire sewage treatment plant when diesel fuel was noted in the influent, a quick solution was needed to accommodate the petroleum not being skimmed off the surface of the inflow. The quick response by Alabaster Inc. to calculate the amount of “BRAT” (Alabaster Corp. Product name) solution needed in the main lift station helped avert a disastrous situation. Not only did your personnel remedy this, but also suggested an equal treatment of the collection lines from the source to the main lift station. Even though almost 500 gallons of diesel was lost, thanks to the vacuum trucks and the “BRAT” solution, no effluent violations or plant upsets were noted to be affiliated with this potentially dangerous spill.

In closing, I hope that we can keep the communication lines open so that critical hazardous toxins can not only be contained, but biologically treated so that no costly disposal is necessary. Sincerely Yours, (Signed) P. Ben Connelly. Industrial Waste Inspector.”

Examples of Bioremediation Description 23: Letter. Stewart & Stevenson.

Letter from Stewart & Stevenson Inc. dated September of 1995 to Alabaster Corp. salesperson Michael Smith.

“Dear Mr. Smith; Regarding your bioremediation product we have been purchasing, this letter should serve as our approval of the product. We have purchased several gallons of the product to assist in our environmental efforts. We have used the product on several different types of hydrocarbon contamination projects. The “bugs” have performed as well as, if not better than represented. In all cases, when the product was used as instructed, we were able to achieve a significant decrease in total hydrocarbon levels. This in turn has decreased the overall clean up project costs, not to mention reduce our liability. We will definitely be using this product for any future clean up projects we may have. Sincerely,(Signed) James R. Lyon Jr. Service Manager Stewart & Stevenson, Inc.

Examples of Bioremediation Description 24: 30 Gallons of Oil Spilled at a Car Wash. 1995.

A car wash in Deer Park Texas had an accident. A hydraulic hose broke blasting approximately 30 gallons of oil into a water reclamation pit. The owners of the car wash were facing a $1,000.00 cleaning bill. The city would likely penalize them for the occurrence.

Pollution: Small Oil Spill at a Car Wash.

Approximately 30 gallons of oil spilled into a water reclamation pit plus possibly municipal fines and disruption of service. The owners would typically hire a contractor to pump out the contamination and dispose of it at a landfill. As referenced in the Houston Chronicle by Staff Writer David Ivanovich on Monday 10-09-1995

Solution: Alabaster Corp. Microbial Products.

Alabaster Corp. representative Mr. Michael Smith responded. Less than $100.00 of Alabaster Corp. products were used along with microbes.

Case Studies in Bioremediation Results: Short Time Frame Solution Within a Limited Budget.

The maintenance supervisor at the car wash said “It took the oil right out of the water… it saved me quite a good penny.”

Examples of Bioremediation Description 25: Letter. Gillman Honda, Schertz, Texas.

Letter from Gillman Honda dated January 25, 1995. To a Alabaster Corp. distributor named HERS Inc. Or Hydrocarbon Environmental Recovery Systems in San Antonio, Texas. Mr. Dennis Fuleki.

“Dear Dennis, We have been using your products since May of 1994. We are very satisfied wit the comprehensive program you have helped us initiate to reduce oil build up on the service shop floors as well as the microbial treatment to our septic system. The products have performed to our satisfaction. Due to the excellent performance, we expect to continue using your products. We also appreciate the training you have provided in the proper use of these products. It has been our pleasure doing business with you. Sincerely, (Signed) Richard Lovering. Service Manager. Gillman Honda.”

Examples of Bioremediation Description 26: Letter. Park GMC Pontiac and GMC Trucks.

Letter from Park GMC not dated. To a Alabaster Corp. distributor named HERS Inc. Or Hydrocarbon Environmental Recovery Systems in San Antonio, Texas. Mr. Dennis Fuleki.

“To Whom It May Concern, Park Pontiac GMC Truck & Suzuki is using products supplied from Hydrocarbon Environmental Recovery Systems. BGP 150 Absorbent, BGP#1-A General all purpose microbial cleaner, BRAT (Alabaster Corp. Product name) Clear Booster and BRAT Strain A Microbes. These products meet our needs and we are very satisfied with the results of all products. The service and training received by Dennis Fuleki has been very good. Sincerely, (Signed) by (Unreadable) the Shop Foreman and (Signed) Scott Carpenter, Service Manager.“

Examples of Bioremediation Description 27: Letter. Redland Stone Products Company.

Letter from Redland Stone Products Company dated January 23, 1995. To a Alabaster Corp. distributor named HERS Inc. Or Hydrocarbon Environmental Recovery Systems in San Antonio, Texas. Mr. Dennis Fuleki.

“Dear Dennis, This is a letter confirming the use of your products in our daily operations. We have been using BRAT products (Alabaster Corp. Product name) for one year. We have used these products for treatment of contaminated water in our fuel tank container areas, water treatment in our closed loop wash rack and in treatment of soil contaminated with petroleum substances. In each case your products have performed as stated with results being what was expected or better. Your products are competitive and the service provided is what we expect. Your pricing on laboratory analysis is very competitive. We would expect that continued use of your products in the future. Sincerely, Tommy Davis, Equipment Manager.

Examples of Bioremediation Description 28: Letter. Taco Bell. Southern Multifoods, Inc. A Franchisee of Taco Bell Corp.

Letter dated February 9, 1995. To Charles Sheffield of BRAT (Alabaster Corp. Product and subsidiary name)

“Dear Charles Sheffield, I have been using your line of BRAT (Alabaster Corp. Product name) Products for over a year and I am writing this letter to commend your organization for it’s support and service. I have found your BGB Sanitary Cleaner to be an excellent alternative to the traditional pumping of grease traps. Since Taco Bell started using your products in our grease traps we have reduced our need to pump our grease traps to approximately every six to eight months. This reduction in our need to pump has reduced our grease trap maintenance costs by over fifty percent. In addition we have noticed other benefits such as the elimination of the odors the drains and trap had previously produced. Taco Bell’s commitment to protect the environment has been greatly bolstered by the use of your products. It’s not very often that a company can find an environmentally friendly solution to a problem and reduce costs. We look forward to continuing our business relationship with BRAT in the future. We feel strongly that your company will be able to meet the needs of our business. Sincerely, (Signed) Chris Werline, Market Manager. “

Examples of Bioremediation Description 29: Letter from Garry Mauro, Texas Land Commissioner. 1994.

"In the early 1990’s Alabaster Corp. was one of very few companies which really understood bioremediation and made effective products. At that time, bioremediation products were very new. Other than Alabaster Corp., Dr. Carl Oppenheimer of the University of Texas was the only one who knew the potential. He understands bioremediation and I’ve always liked him. I wished I could have been an official student of his. He used to blend our microbes. As far as I’m concerned, Dr. Carl is the grandfather of bioremediation!” John Sheffield.

A letter from a state agent to Garry Mauro recommending Alabaster Corp. Products to the Texas General Land Office. Dated October 13, 1994.

“Thank you for taking the time to write me concerning Mr. Sheffield’s bioremediation products company. As you know, I have enthusiastically supported bioremediation technology for years as a solution to hydrocarbon contamination. I have forwarded the product information you sent me to the Oil Spill Prevention and Response Division at the land office. They maintain an extensive products library and get frequent inquiries regarding the use of bioremediation. Again, thank you for your letter and let me know if I can assist you further. Sincerely, (Signed) Garry Mauro Texas Land Commissioner.”

Examples of Bioremediation Description 30: Letter from Anderson Machinery.

Letter from Anderson Machinery Company dated January 20, 1995. To a Alabaster Corp. distributor named HERS Inc. Or Hydrocarbon Environmental Recovery Systems in San Antonio, Texas. Mr. Dennis Fuleki.

“Thank you so much for so much for you and your company’s contribution in helping establish a bioremediation program for our contaminated soil and formulating a treatment program for our closed loop wash rack pond. Both programs have exceeded expectations. Your years of experience in bioremediation and reclamation certainly was a benefit in helping resolve our environmental problems. Your help went far beyond what I would have hoped for, and I am grateful. Sincerely, (Signed) Pryor Smith, Plant Manager. Anderson Machinery Company.”

Examples of Bioremediation Description 31: Letter from HOLT Company of Texas. A Caterpillar Equipment Distributor.

Letter from HOLT Co. of Texas dated February 6, 1995. To a Alabaster Corp. distributor named HERS Inc. Or Hydrocarbon Environmental Recovery Systems in San Antonio, Texas. Mr. Dennis Fuleki.

“Dear Dennis, We have been using your products since June of 1994. Our goal was to introduce the use of microbial solutions in the treatment of our used absorbent. With your assistance we have been successful in finding a suitable absorbent that can be processed in a timely manner. We are currently using BRAT (Alabaster Corp. Product name) Sorb-100, BRAT BGP#1, and BRAT Strain “A” Microbes. Your products are competitively priced and your service is what we expect. We expect to continue using these products and hopefully expand this program company wide. Sincerely, (Signed) Ron Craft, Service Manager.”

Examples of Bioremediation Description 32: Letter from a Kentucky Fried Chicken Franchisee.

A letter from a KFC Franchisee:

“RE: Use of Alabaster Microbial Cleaners. Prior to using the microbes we were constantly having drain problems with grease blockage, at least once a week in our floor drains, and we had the plumbers come out to unplug our floor drains and sewer lines of grease. In the (6) six months trail, we have yet to have any drains back up, nor have we had to call a plumber out to unstop our grease or sewer lines. The product has saved a lot of money on plumbing costs alone. Sincerely, (Signed) Robert Beard, Kentucky Fried Chicken Baytown Store #W150069.”

Examples of Bioremediation Description: 33: Letter from Langley Air Force Base.

A letter dated October 9, 1997 to an Alabaster Corp. distributor named Mr. Doug Lane.

“Subject: Alabaster Corporation – Grease Trap Treatment.Being responsible for the maintenance of Langley AFB’s grease traps, I decided to give

Mr. Doug Lane of Alabaster Corporation a chance on proving his claims that his system (BCCB – 1001) would save us money. In February of this year, I had his system installed on two grease traps. The first were two 70 – gallon grease traps located in a very busy food preparation facility. It was on a service contract for once a week pumping. The cost for this service was $6,987.00 annually. The second, is a 20 gallon, under sink trap that cost $864.00 annually to pump out. The total annual costs for Alabaster’s system (includes microbes) is $3,320.00. A savings of $3,367.00! The second pair of traps that I had this system installed consisted of two large traps. One is a 1150 gallons (Base dining facility) and the other is a 450 gallons (Commissary – serves meat cutting areas). The total cost for this system was $14,091.00. I expect to save at least $10,000.00 the first year just on the last two systems I had installed. Total savings the first year for these four grease traps is expected to be over $13,000.00!

I am very impressed with Alabaster’s system. It does exactly what Alabaster claims. I fully intend to install this system on every grease trap on this installation. After installation. I fully expect to save in excess of $20,000.00 annually. I highly recommend to anyone who is responsible for the maintenance of grease traps to use this product (BCCB-1001). At least give it a try. I promise you won’t be disappointed. Sincerely, (Singed) John M. Salisbury, GS-8. Engineering Technician. CES/Service Contracts 209. Thornell Ave. Langley AFB, VA. 23665.”

 Examples of Bioremediation Process Case Studies in Bioremediation .gif

Alabaster Corporation is honored to offer the following Bioremediation, Emergency Response, Oil Spill and Environmental Cleaning Products and Environmental Services:

• Bioremediation and Environmental Pollution Cleaning Products.
• Custom Blended Microbial Cleaning Products for Bioremediation.
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• Remediation Products for Soil Contamination, Water Contamination.
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• Grease Trap and Septic Tank Cleaning Products.
• Industrial Cleaning, Tank Cleaning Remediation and Degassing Products.
• Oil Spill Response Products for Firefighting and Fire Prevention.
• UST, PST Environmental Remediation and Pollution Removal.
• UST Contractor Environmental Services and Environmental Consultants.
• Corrective Action Specialist Environmental Services.
• Corrective Action Project Manager Environmental Services.
• Phase I ESA. Environmental Services and Environmental Consultants.
• Phase II ESA. Contamination Testing Environmental Services.
• Phase III ESA. Site Contamination and Remediation Environmental Services.
• Regulatory Research and Voluntary Cleanup Program.
• Oil Spill Contingency Planning, Spill Control and Spill Containment.
• Environmental Consultants, Environmental Services and Expert Witness.
• Alabaster Corp. is an Approved Vendor for most major banks and refineries!

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